Judy Holliday (born Judith Tuvim, June 21, 1921 – June 7, 1965) was an American actress, comedian and singer. She began her career as part of a nightclub act before working in Broadway plays and musicals. She had uncredited roles in Orson Welles’s short Too Much Johnson (1938), with Joseph Cotten; Walter Lang’s Greenwich Village (1944), with Carmen Miranda, Don Ameche, William Bendix, and Vivian Blaine; and Lewis Seiler’s Something for the Boys (1944), with Miranda, Michael O’Shea, Vivian Blaine, Phil Silvers, Sheila Ryan and Perry Como.
She had her first credited role in George Cukor’s Winged Victory (1944), with Lon McCallister, Jeanne Crain, Red Buttons, and Don Taylor; followed by Adam’s Rib (1949), with Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn; and uncredited vocals in On the Town (1949), with Gene Kelly (who also co-directed with Stanley Donen), Frank Sinatra, Betty Garrett, Ann Miller, Jules Munshin, and Vera-Ellen.
Holiday won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in Cukor’s Born Yesterday (1950), with Broderick Crawford and William Holden; a role she had originated on stage in 1946. She also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. She was then nominated for a BAFTA for Best Foreign Actress for The Marrying Kind (1952), with Aldo Ray, John Alexander, Charles Bronson, Peggy Cass, Barry Curtis, Tom Farrell, Frank Ferguson, Ruth Gordon, Gordon Jones, Madge Kennedy, Nancy Kulp, Mickey Shaughnessy, and Joan Shawlee.
She then starred in It Should Happen to You (1954), with Peter Lawford and Jack Lemmon; and received a second BAFTA nomination for Mark Robson’s Phffft (1954), with Lemmon, Jack Carson, and Kim Novak; and a second Golden Globe nomination for Richard Quine’s The Solid Gold Cadillac (1956), with Paul Douglas; followed by Full of Life (1957), with Richard Conte.
Holiday received a third Golden Globe nomination for her last film role in Vincente Minnelli’s Bells Are Ringing (1960), with Dean Martin, Fred Clark, Eddie Foy Jr., and Jean Stapleton; another role she had originated on stage, winning a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical. She died from throat cancer in 1965.
Each review will be linked to the title below.
(*seen originally in theaters)
(**seen rereleased in theaters)
- Too Much Johnson (1938) – directed by Orson Welles – extra – unfinished short component to a stage production
- Greenwich Village (1944) – directed by Walter Lang – uncredited extra
- Something for the Boys (1944) – directed by Lewis Seiler – uncredited
- Winged Victory (1944) – directed by George Cukor
- Adam’s Rib (1949) – directed by George Cukor
- On the Town (1949) – directed by Gene Kelly & Stanley Donen – uncredited voice
- Born Yesterday (1950) – directed by George Cukor
- The Marrying Kind (1952) – directed by George Cukor
- It Should Happen to You (1954) – directed by George Cukor
- Phffft (1954) – directed by Mark Robson
- The Solid Gold Cadillac (1956) – directed by Richard Quine
- Full of Life (1956) – directed by Richard Quine
- Bells Are Ringing (1960) – directed by Vincente Minnelli